Instytut Transportu Samochodowego called “ITS” (Eng. Motor Transport Institute) began operating in 1952 under the Decree of the Minister of Road Transport and Aviation of 25 September 1951, on establishing the Motor Transport Institute.

The research problems dealt with by the Institute over the past more almost 70 years, have been undergoing constant changes. These changes were a result of the demand of the economy and the road transport as well as the technical and organizational progress.

Currently, the most important objectives of the Institute are:

  • Transport safety
  • Transport economics
  • Environmental Protection
  • Technical Safety


The Institute carries out a number of projects under EU programs, such as projects on electromobility, methanation or hydrogenization of the road transport.

The most fundamental tasks for the Institute’s operation are:

  • general improvement in functioning and organization of the road transport,
  • limiting harmful effects of the road transport and traffic development with regards the road safety and environmental protection,
  • developing new material solutions for the automotive industry, including improvement of the service materials such as oils, coolants, etc.

The Environmental Protection Center is a laboratory that carries out:

Environment Protection Centre (COŚ) performs scientific and R & D works on the protection of the human environment from the harmful effects of road transport, in particular studies relating to pollutants emissions from the exhaust and engine fuel systems and fuel consumption of motor vehicles. The Centre consists of:

  • Emissions Testing Section,
  • Ecological Analyses Section.

The scope of work carried out by the Emissions Testing Section:

  • dynamometer testing of M and N category motor vehicles with a maximum driving axle load of 3500 kg,
  • dynamometer testing of the L1, L2, L3, L4, L5, L6 and L7 vehicles (motorcycles, mopeds, tricycles and four wheels vehicles),
  • bench testing of internal combustion engines with a power output up to 460 kW,
  • testing of M, N, L categories vehicles and NRMM (Non-Road Mobile Machineries) in the real conditions,
  • "on board" research in the real traffic conditions,
  • type approval, conformity of production with the approved type, in-service and tests in real traffic conditions,
  • development of the methods for testing pollutants emissions and fuel consumption of road vehicles and NRMM and their engines,
  • development and testing of equipment, methods and systems for limiting emissions of pollutants from road vehicles and NRMM and their engines,
  • developing principles and procedures for controlling road vehicles and NRMM and their engines in terms of pollutants emissions and fuel consumption.

The scope of work performed by the Ecological Analyses Section:

  • preparation of analyses, summaries, evaluations and reports relating to the protection of the natural environment and the man from the harmful effects of the automotive industry,
  • monitoring carbon dioxide emissions from the new M and N category motor vehicles, in accordance with international recommendations,
  • developing methods for determining the pollutants emission indicators for the road vehicles, as well as recording pollutants emissions on the macro and micro scale,

Centre cooperates in this area with domestic and foreign entities and has capability to perform tests in accordance with the U.S. and Japanese requirements.

The Centre has a research laboratory accreditation certificate No. AB 502 issued by Polish Accreditation Centre which confirms compliance with the requirements of PN-EN ISO / IEC 17025:2005 standard and has a EU notification as the approval authority and technical service for the type approval of pollutants emissions by the NRMM.

Type Approval Test

Type approval, conformity of production tests with the approved type, in-service tests and tests in real operating conditions of traffic

Environment Protection Centre is the research centre in Poland and one of the few independent centres in Europe equipped with complete equipment corresponding to current regulatory requirements of the UN-ECE and EU regulations, for measuring pollutants emissions from all categories of vehicles that are subject to type approval tests for pollutants emissions from the exhaust and supply systems and fuel consumption, i.e.

  • M category vehicles (passenger cars)
  • N category (trucks)
  • L category (mopeds, motorcycles, tricycles and four-wheel vehicles)
  • internal combustion engines, as well as for testing catalytic converters and particulate filters
  • tests of battery electric vehicles (BEV)
  • hybrid electric vehicles (HEV)
  • plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV)

Environment Protection Centre is equipped with measuring equipment enabling to perform a full range of tests:

1. Pollutants emissions, fuel consumption, and energy consumption by M and N category vehicles in accordance with

  • UN-ECE Regulations 24
  • UN-ECE Regulations 83
  • UN-ECE Regulations 84
  • UN-ECE Regulations 101
  • equivalent Directives and Regulations of the EU

2. Pollutants emissions from mopeds and motorcycles, in accordance with

  • UN-ECE Regulations 40
  • UN-ECE Regulations 47
  • equivalent EU Directives

3. Catalytic converters in accordance with

  • UN-ECE Regulation 103
  • equivalent EU Directive

4. LPG and CNG gas supply systems in accordance wit

  • UN-ECE Regulation 115

5. Pollutants emissions from internal combustion engines according to:

  • UN-ECE Regulations 24
  • UN-ECE Regulations 49
  • equivalent EU Directives and Regulations

6. Engine power under

  • UN-ECE Regulation 85
  • equivalent EU Directive

7. Combustion engines driving the non-road machinery in accordance with

  • UN-ECE Regulation 96
  • Regulation (EU) 2016/1628 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 September 2016
  • Regulation of the Minister of Economy, Labour and Social Policy of 29 October 2003 regarding the essential requirements for internal combustion engines to reduce gaseous pollutants and particulate emissions by these engines (Journal of Laws No. 220, item. 2180 of 23 December 2003).

8. Heating systems for motor vehicles and their trailers for the compliance with

  • Directives 2001/56/CE,
  • Directive 97/24/CE.

9. Environmental Protection Centre currently has the following authorisations:

  • UN-ECE Regulations 100
  • UN-ECE Regulations 120

10. Measurement of fuel consumption for city buses in SORT tests "Standardised On-Road Test" for fuels"

  • diesel
  • biodiesel
  • petrol also with alcohols
  • methanol
  • ethanol
  • CNG
  • LNG
  • LPG

ENGINE TEST BENCHES

Environment Protection Centre is equipped with several engine test benches, with asynchronous motors acting as the engine brakes, with power ratings from 130 to 460 kW. Benches are controlled by PUMA system and allow for engines testing:

  • in steady conditions (ESC, WHSC test types)
  • in transient conditions (ETC and WHTC type tests)

Measuring equipment is complemented by modern analytical equipment by AVL allowing, except conducting the analyses of the exhaust pollutants, to indicate and measure basic parameters of the engine work powered by both conventional fuels and alternative fuels (such as CNG, biomethane).

  • Engine dynamometer bench AFA 130/4-8 EU (310 Nm with 0 ÷ 4000 rpm, 130 kW with 4000 ÷ 8000 rpm)
  • Engine dynamometer bench AFA-E 460/4,4-9 (1000 Nm with 0 ÷ 4400 rpm, 460 kW with 4400 ÷ 9000 rpm)
  • Engine dynamometer bench AFA100 4Z4/4 (2801 Nm with 0 ÷ 1500 rpm, 440 kW with 1500 ÷ 3800 rpm)

CHASSIS DYNAMOMETERS

Our Laboratory is also equipped with chassis test benches:

  • One roll chassis dynamometer Zoellner RPL 1220/12 C 221 113 (max power 200 kW, max speed 200 km/h)
  • Two roll chassis dynamometer Jaroš, type 2PT220EX (max power 220 kW, max speed 200 km/h)

MOTORCYCLE CHASSIS DYNAMOMETER

We can also test motorcycles on motorcycle test benche:

  • Chassis dynamometer Jaroš type 1 PT 150 EXP (max power 150 kW, max speed 200 km/h)

ANALYTICAL EQUIPMENT

With modern laboratory equipments we are able to measure:

  • carbon monoxide (low concentrations) COlow,
  • carbon monoxide (high concentrations) COhigh,
  • carbon dioxide CO2,
  • total hydrocarbons THC,
  • methane CH4
  • nitrogen oxides NOX
  • nitric oxide NO
  • nitrogen dioxide NO2
  • nitrous oxide N2O
  • ammonia NH3
  • PNC (number of concentrated particles)

We are using an AVL full flow tunnel which can be measure PM emissions in4 way sampling, with separate THC analyser. The constant volume sampling from AVL with critical flow orifice are within the range:

  • nominal intensity of gas flow: 2÷30 m3/min,
  • ability to change the gas flow rate in increments of 2 m3/min, heated CVS.

SHED CHAMBER

SHED chamber to measure evaporative emissions from the fuel supply system (emission of hydrocarbons). The chamber is equipped with compensation bags for maintaining a constant pressure inside the chamber, regardless of changes in temperature in the chamber. The temperature control system in the chamber allows to replicate any course of air temperature changes.

MICRO SCALE BY METTLER TOLEDO

Micro scale from Mettler Toledo type MT5 adapted for weighing filters with diameters of 48 and 70 mm used for measuring emissions of solid particles, is placed in air conditioned weight room. Basic parameters of the scale:

  • measuring range: 5100 mg,
  • resolution: 1 µg,

ROAD TESTS
FUEL CONSUMPTION TESTS

Environment Protection Centre has equipment to measure the consumption of:

  • liquid fuels such as motor gasolines and diesel fuels,
  • LPG, CNG and LNG fuels in the road conditions

Measurements are conducted under standard conditions, as well as the driving cycles associated with a specific vehicle application.

Centre also performs measurements of fuel consumption by other objects than the engines powering vehicles:

  • heating systems,
  • industrial engines
  • construction machinery
  • and others

We are capable to record and analyse the operating conditions of the appliances in the course of the measurements.

EMISSION IN THE REAL CONDITIONS

Environment Protection Centre is equipped with test equipment that allows to measure emissions from both motor vehicles (passenger cars, buses or trucks), as well as non-road mobile machinery or tractors and agricultural machinery. This equipment, including devices for the measurement of the exhaust opacity and registration of the vehicle motion parameters represent mobile emission laboratory, fitted to the vehicle tested.

The test equipment moves with the vehicle, enabling the measurement of emissions in real traffic conditions, and learning about the distribution of emission along the measuring section including hills, roads intersections and sections of varying speed of the vehicle as well as areas with varying degrees of urbanization.

We are using following equipment:

1. Semtech – DS equipped with GPS modul

  • measured exhaust pollutants: CO, NOX, THC, CO2

2. KMA Mobile fuel flow meter

  • measuring range: 0.35 – 150 l/h
  • density meter: 500 – 2000 kg/m3
  • measurement media (measuring module):
    • petrol, fuels of standard and super quality (leader petrol/unleaded) also with alcohol admixtures
    • methanol, ethanol etc. to 100%
    • diesel oil;
    • biodiesel.

3. CMF 025M mass flow meter

  • maximum mass flow intensity: 2180 kg/h
  • measurement media:
    • gas fuels
    • liquid form (for example LNG).

4. Datron µEEP20 with optical head

  • speed measuring range: 0.5 ÷ 400 km/h

5. AVL OTR opacimeter

  • allows to measure and record the instantaneous values of exhaust smoke

6. WT1800E High-Performance Power Analyzer

  • power accuracy of 0.05% of reading plus 0.05% of range
  • It is capable of harmonics analysis up to the 500th order of a 50/60 Hz fundamental frequency.
  • Up to 6 input channels