Log in | Subscribe | RSS feed

What’s New

CO2 emissions from new cars and vans in Europe increased in 2018

3 June 2020

The average CO2 emissions of new cars vehicles registered in the EU-28 and Iceland in 2018 increased by 2.3 g/km, according to final data released by the European Environment Agency. This represents an upward revision of ~0.4 g/km from the provisional 2018 data published last year.

After a steady decline from 2010 to 2016, by almost 22 g/km, average CO2 emissions from new cars increased by 0.4 g/km in 2017 and by 2.3 g/km in 2018 to reach 120.8 g/km. While this is 7% below the 2018 target of 130 g/km, a considerable 27% gap must still be filled to reach the target of 95 g/km that applies from 2020.

Similarly, average CO2 emissions of new vans had decreased by 24 g/km between 2012 and 2017, but increased from 156.1 g/km in 2017 to 157.9 g/km in 2018. While this is 10% below the 2018 target of 175 g/km, average emissions were still 7% above the 2020 target.

With the stricter EU fleet-wide CO2 emission targets of 95 g/km for cars and 147 g/km for vans entering into effect from this year, manufacturers will have to improve the fuel efficiency of their fleet and accelerate the deployment of zero- and low-emission vehicles, said the European Commission in a news release. In addition, this should be accompanied by the necessary investments in recharging infrastructure and other incentive schemes in Member States.

The increase in average CO2 emissions for new passenger cars between 2017 and 2018 was affected by two main market trends:

The increase in average CO2 emissions of new vans in 2018 compared to 2017 was affected by a combination of different factors, including an increase of the average vehicle mass (+1%), of the average engine capacity (+1%) and of vehicle size (average wheelbase +1.4%). Diesel vehicles continue to make up the vast majority of the new vans fleet (94.7%), but the share of petrol vans has increased by 1.2%.

It should be noted that the above figures reflect the pre-Covid-19 trends, which perhaps may continue into 2019. What happens in 2020, with vehicle sales severely depressed and the auto industry struggling for survival, is anyone’s guess.

Source: European Environment Agency | European Commission