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Emission Standards

Mexico: Heavy-Duty Engines

Diesel Engines

First emission standards for new heavy-duty diesel engines—applicable to vehicles of GVW > 3,857 kg—were established on 6 June 1988 and became effective in model year 1993 [NOM-044-ECOL-1993]. These standards were based on US 1991 and later requirements, including the applicable US EPA test methods. Since February 2003, engines can also meet European standards, as an alternative to the US EPA requirements.

New emission requirements for heavy-duty truck and bus engines were adopted on 12 October 2006, which require compliance with US 2004 or Euro IV equivalent standards effective July 2008 [2888].

In 2014, a proposal to skip over US 2007 and Euro V requirements and move directly to US 2010 or Euro VI was published [3536]. The finalization of this proposal has been delayed.

The emission requirements are summarized in Table 1 [2888][2890].

Table 1
Emission Requirements for Diesel Truck and Bus Engines
DateRequirements
US EPAEuropean
1993US 1991-
1994US 1994-
1998US 1998-
2003.02US 1998Euro III
2008.07†US 2004Euro IV
† Through 2014.06. Later requirements are not specified.

Gasoline & Gas Engines

Emission standards for new heavy-duty engines fueled by gasoline, LPG, natural gas and other alterative fuels are specified by the NOM-076 standard adopted in 1995 [2891] with later amendments [2889]. Similar to the diesel regulations, the emission standards are applicable to gas engines used in vehicles of GVW > 3,857 kg.

Gasoline and gaseous fueled engines are tested over the FTP transient test and must meet the US EPA-based emission standards shown in Table 2. Natural gas engines can alternatively be tested over the European ETC test and meet the Euro IV/V-based emission standards shown in Table 3.

Table 2
Emission Standards for Heavy-Duty Engines: FTP Test
StandardDateGVWHCNMHCCONOxHCev*
kgg/bhp-hrg/test
A19983,857 - 6,3501.1-14.44.03.0
> 6,3501.9-37.14.03.0
Ba3,857 - 6,350-0.1414.40.21.75
> 6,350-0.1414.40.22.30
* Evaporative emissions limit applicable to gasoline and LPG vehicles only.
a 18 months after official publication of a notice of full nationwide availability of regular gasoline (Magna) of 30 ppm average and 80 ppm maximum sulfur content.
Table 3
Alternative Emission Standards for Natural Gas Engines: ETC Test
StandardDateCH4NMHCCONOxPM
g/kWh
A2013.021.100.554.003.50-
B2014.071.100.554.002.00.03

Manufacturers may choose to certify gasoline and gaseous fueled vehicles with GVW up to 6,356 kg on a chassis dynamometer over the FTP-75 cycle. Table 4 summarizes emission standards for chassis-certified vehicles.

Table 4
Emission Standards for Chassis-Certified Heavy-Duty Vehicles: FTP-75 Test
StandardDateGVWNMHCCONOxHCev*
kgg/kmg/test
A2013.023,857 - 4,5360.2853.4180.8073.0
4,537 - 6,3560.3724.3501.2433.0
Ba3,857 - 4,5360.1213.9770.1241.75
4,537 - 6,3560.1424.5360.2482.30
* Evaporative emissions limit applicable to gasoline and LPG vehicles only.
a 18 months after official publication of a notice of full nationwide availability of regular gasoline (Magna) of 30 ppm average and 80 ppm maximum sulfur content.

From model year 2013, gasoline, LPG and natural gas vehicles of GVW ≤ 6,356 kg should be equipped with “OBD II or similar” onboard diagnostic system.